How to. date pipes - Pipe Archive The history of Ireland is an old and honorable one; steeped in warfare, family, racial and religious traditions. However, the first couple of millennia of Irish history have no relevance to this dating guide. He dating of a pipe fragment relies on assessing a whole range of variables to do with its fabric, manufacturing techniques, bowl form, style, finish, marks and decoration.
NPS Archeology Program Archeology for Interpreters Should you wish to read more on the history of the Irish, I recommend "The Story of the Irish Race" by Seumas Mac Manus who gives a very vivid, and near as we can tell, an accurate portrayal of their history. The earliest pipes, dating to about 1600, had stems with 9/64-inch diameter bores. By 1800 this diameter had decreased to 4/64 of an inch. This change in diameter may have occurred because pipe stems became longer through time, requiring a smaller bore.
Artifact Guides Battlefield Restoration and. History pertinent to our purposes began in the year 1865; the year Charles Peterson opened a small tobacco shop in Dublin. Dating Clay Pipe Stems Clay, or kaolin, pipe stems look a bit like narrow white tree branches with holes down their centers. According to an article by Maj. Robert J. Dalessandro, pipe stems were the “17th, 18th, and 19th century equivalent of the cigarette butt”.
Always a favorite, pipe stem dating is. - Archeological. Later in 1875, Charles Peterson approached the Kapp brothers, Friedrich and Heinrich, with a new pipe design and with this, a very long-lived partnership was formed, Kapp & Peterson. Pipe stem dating was first developed by archaeologist J. C. Harrington. During his excavations at Jamestown, Virginia, he discovered that pipe stem bore diameters became smaller over time. With the data he collected at Jamestown, he created a chart that calculates a percentage of the bore diameter and the time the pipe was made.
AN EVALUATION OF TOBACCO PIPE STEM DATING METHODS Chair. This new pipe design is the now famous Peterson Patented System Smoking Pipe. There are currently three formula dating techniques available to archaeologists studying 17th and 18th century sites using imported English clay tobacco pipe stems based on Harrington’s histogram of time periods; Binford’s linear formula, Hanson’s formulas and the Heighton and Deagan formula.
Dating clay pipes davidneat By 1890, Kapp & Peterson was the most respected pipe and tobacco manufacturer in Ireland and rapidly gaining followers in England and America. Clay pipe bowls can be dated with some certainty according to their shape, size and decoration, and with even more accuracy if they feature a maker’s-mark on the ‘heel’, the protrusion under the bowl. The top pipe bowl above dates from 1640-60 while the one below is a fairly typical decorated one from 1780-1820.
Kaolin-Clay-Trade-Pipes - Peach State Archaeological Society In 1898 another of Peterson's remarkable inventions became available, the Peterson-Lip (P-Lip) mouthpiece, also known as the Steck mouthpiece. The study is focused on English made pipes, but provides a system of dating between 1680 and the mid 19th century. 1700 - 1770 One of the most striking features of pipe development during this period is that the top of the bowl became parallel with the stem.
Clay Pipe Gallery - DAWNMIST So for the purpose of this dating guide, we will study Irish history, relevant to our pipe dating needs, from 1870s until now. Hole sizes in Pipe Stems - A way of dating? English Pipes 1650, 1800, 1850. In the archaeological studies carried out on clay pipes and believe me there are many! mathematical formula's have been applied to explore the possibilities of dating them by the size of the hole in the stem.
Mudlarking along the River Thames London - Clay Pipe. Before we start with this Peterson dating guide, an observation; the Kapp Brothers originally came from Nuremberg, Germany. Mudlarking along the River Thames London - Clay Pipe Special. There are lots of pipe stems to be found on the Thames foreshore - because they really are like old fashioned cigarette butts.
A Peterson Dating Guide; A Rule of Thumb - Pipedia They were making pipes at least as early as the 1850s (their Dublin shop opened in 1855) and in many of the shapes we now associate with Peterson since the Kapp Brothers simply took their existing shapes and incorporated Charles Peterson' s patented design into them. As with their clay pipes, Peterson offered a silver or nickel band on their early bog oak pipes of the Patent Era and just a nickel band on their WWII bog oak pipes. Peterson made pipes of cherry wood during their Patent Era in both the smooth finish and the bark-left-on finish; and as with their clay pipes, Peterson used both amber and vulcanite stems and choice of silver or nickel bands.